Washington (WA)

Washington state heading

Quick Facts

Capital City: Olympia

Abbreviation:  WA

Population (2019): 7,614,893; Rank: 13 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region:  West

Admission to Statehood:  November 11, 1889 (42nd State)

State Motto: Al-ki (bye and bye)

State Nickname:  The Evergreen State

Origin of State Name: Named after George Washington

Area Codes:  206, 253, 360, 425, 509

Zip Codes:  Washington Zip Codes



State Symbols

Bird:  Eastern Goldfinch | List of State Birds

Flag:  The state flag and the state seal are similar. Passed in 1923, Washington state law describes the flag as having dark green bunting with a state seal in the center. It is the only state flag that is green. It is also the only state flag with a picture of a president.
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Flower:  Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron macrophyllum) | Other State Flowers

Soil:  Tokul


Tree:  Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) | Other State Trees

Quarter: Salmon leaping in front of Mount Rainier Washington Quarter | List of State Quarters




Washington on a map


  • Area: 71,303 sq.mi (184,674 sq.km.), 18th
  • Land: 66,582 sq.mi. (172,447 sq.km.), 20th
  • Water: 4,721 sq.mi. (12,227 sq.km.), 11th
  • Coastline: 157 mi. (253 km.), 12th
  • Shoreline: 3,026 mi. (4,870 km.), 10th

Largest Cities:  Seattle | Spokane | Vancouver | Bellevue | Everett | Yakima | Renton | Federal Way

Border States:  Idaho | Oregon | List of US Regions

Highest Point:  Mt. Rainier ; 14,410 feet, (4,392 m.) 4th tallest

Lowest Point: Washington; sea level, tied for 3rd lowest

Geographic Center:  10 miles westsouthwest of Wenatchee

National Parks:
Ebey’s Landing National Historical Reserve
Fort Vancouver National Historic Site
Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park – Seattle Unit
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area
Manhattan Project National Historical Park
Minidoka National Historic Site
Mount Rainier National Park
Nez Perce National Historical Park
North Cascades National Park
Olympic National Park
San Juan Island National Historical Park
Whitman Mission National Historic Site
List of National Parks in Washington




State Government

Governor:  Jay Inslee (D)

Senators:  Maria Cantwell (D) Patty Murray (D)

Representatives:  House Senate 

Constitution:  Washington’s Constitution

Electoral College Votes:  12 Votes




  • Economy:
    • Agriculture: Seafood, dairy products, apples, cattle, wheat, potatoes, nursery stock.
    • Industry: Aerospace, software development, food processing, paper products, lumber and wood products, chemical products, tourism.
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