South Dakota State Tree

South Dakota State Tree – White Spruce – Picea glauca

White Spruce Pinaceae Picea glauca
Leaf: Evergreen, stiff, 1/3 to 3/4 inch long, green to blue-green in color, square
in cross section. When crushed a pungent odor is apparent. Needle tips are pointed,
but not sharp.

Flower: Monoecious; males reddish but turning yellow; females purple.

Fruit: Cones are 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long, cigar-shaped, light brown in color.
Scales are rounded with entire margins. Maturing in August.

Twig: Slender, light brown or pale, sometimes glaucous, hairless. Needles borne
on woody pegs.

Bark: Thin, gray-brown in color, smooth, later flaky or scaly.

Form: Conical, medium-sized trees.

Copyright 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen,
Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson;Silvics reprinted from Ag
Handbook 654; range map source information