Pennsylvania State Tree – Eastern Hemlock – Tsuga canadensis
Eastern Hemlock Pinaceae Tsuga canadensis
Leaf: Evergreen, 1/2 inch long, dark green in color, with 2 lines of white stomata
below. Tips are blunt. Needles are two-ranked.
Flower: Monoecious; males yellow, small, round; females light green at branch
Fruit: Ovoid, 3/4 inch long with rounded, entire scales. Maturing September
Twig: Fine, gray-brown in color.
Bark: On young trees, gray-brown, smooth, turning scaly. Older trees are red-brown
with wide ridges and furrows. When cut or broken, purple streaks are obvious.
Form: A medium-sized tree with a dense, conical crown, fine branches and a
drooping terminal shoot. Typically a poor natural pruner.
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen,
Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson;Silvics reprinted from Ag
Handbook 654; range map source information