Oregon State Tree – Douglas Fir – Pseudotsuga menziesii
Leaf: Evergreen, single needles that lack woody pegs or suction cups. Needles
are yellow-green to blue-green, 3/4 to 1 1/4 inch long, very fragrant. Needle
tips are blunt or slightly rounded.
Flower: Monoecious; males oblong, red to yellow, near branch tips; females
reddish, with long bracts, occurring near branch tips.
Fruit: Very distinctive, 3 to 4 inches long with rounded scales. Three-lobed
bracts extend beyond the cone scales and resemble mouse posteriors. Maturing
Twig: Slender and red-brown, with long, sharp, pointed, red-brown buds.
Bark: Smooth and gray on young stems, becoming thickened, red-brown with ridges
and deep furrows.
Form: A pyramidal crown that is somewhat open and self-prunes poorly. Stems
are characteristically straight.
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen,
Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson;Silvics reprinted from Ag
Handbook 654; range map source information