California State Tree – California Redwood – Sequoia sempervirens & Sequoia gigantea
Leaf: Evergreen, 1/2 to 1 inch long, linear, two-ranked and flattened, yellow-green
to green, upper side of needle has sparse stomatal bloom while underside has
two distinct bands. Leaves on cone-bearing branches may be scale-like.
Flower: Monoecious; both males and females are very small and occur near the
ends of shoots; males are oblong; females more egg-shaped.
Fruit: Woody cone, 3/4 to 1 inch long, reddish-brown, basically egg-shaped,
mature in one season.
Twig: Slender, often drooping, initially green and later turning brown.
Bark: Very thick (up to 1 foot), deeply furrowed with rounded ridges, fibrous,
reddish to gray-brown.
Form: Very large, tall, straight tree (over 300 feet) with a narrow, loose
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen,
Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson;Silvics reprinted from Ag
Handbook 654; range map source information