Alabama State Tree

Alabama State Tree – Longleaf Pine – Pinus palustris

Longleaf Pine Pinaceae Pinus palustris

Leaf: Evergreen, very long and feathery (8 to 18 inches long), with three dark
green needles per fascicle.

Flower: Monoecious; males yellow-red, long, in clusters; females oval, purple.

Fruit: Very large (largest cone in the Eastern U. S. –6 to 10 inches long),
ovoid to conical in shape, sessile. Scales are red-brown in color. The umbo
is armed with a curved prickle. Maturing September to October.

Twig: Very stout, brown, with large obvious, asbestos-white buds.

Bark: Quite scaly, orange-brown to gray, will eventually develop plates.

Form: A medium-sized tree with a straight trunk, coarse branches and tufted
needles at ends of branches.

Copyright 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson;
Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654;
range map source information