Texas (TX)

Texas heading

Quick Facts

Capital City: Austin

Abbreviation:  TX

Population (2019):  26,448,193; Rank: 2 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region:   South

Admission to Statehood:  December 29, 1845 (28th State)

State Motto: Friendship

State Nickname: Lone Star State

Origin of State Name: From an Indian word meaning friends

Area Codes: 210, 214, 254, 281, 325, 361, 409, 430, 432, 469, 512, 682, 713, 806, 817, 830, 832, 903, 915, 936, 940, 956, 972, 979

Zip Codes: Texas Zip Codes



State Symbols

Bird:  Mockingbird | List of State Birds

Flag:  The flag was adopted as the state flag when Texas became the 28th state in 1845. As with the flag of the United States, the blue stands for loyalty, the white represents strength, and the red is for bravery.
6 Flags of Texas     Get this Flag

Flower:  Bluebonnet (Lupins texensis) | Other State Flowers

Soil:  Houston Black


Tree:  Pecan (Carya illinoinensis) | Other State Trees

Quarter:  Texas Quarter | List of State Quarters




Texas on a mapArea:  

  • Area: 268,601 sq.mi (695,674 sq.km.), 2nd
  • Land: 261,914 sq.mi. (678,355 sq.km.), 2nd
  • Water: 6,687 sq.mi. (17,319 sq.km.), 9th
  • Coastline: 367 mi. (591 km.), 6th
  • Shoreline: 3,359 mi. (5,406 km.), 7th

Largest Cities:  Houston | San Antonio | Dallas | Austin | Fort Worth | El Paso | Arlington | Corpus Christi | Plano | Laredo

Border States:   Arkansas | Louisiana | New Mexico | Oklahoma | List of US Regions

Highest Point:  Guadalupe Peak ; 8,749 feet, ( 2,667 m.), 14th tallest

Lowest Point:  Texas; sea level, tied for 3rd lowest

Geographic Center:  McCulloch, 15 miles northeast of Brady

National Parks:
Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument
Amistad National Recreation Area
Big Bend National Park
Big Thicket National Preserve
Chamizal National Memorial
Fort Davis National Historic Site
Guadalupe Mountains National Park
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area
Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park
Padre Island National Seashore
Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park
Rio Grande Wild and Scenic River
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park
Waco Mammoth National Monument




State Government

Governor: Greg Abbott (R)

Senators:  Ted Cruz (R) John Cornyn (R)

Representatives:  House Senate

Constitution:  Texas Constitution 

Electoral College Votes: 38 Votes




  • Economy:
    • Agriculture: Cattle, cotton, dairy products, nursery stock, poultry, sorghum, corn, wheat.
    • Industry: Chemical products, petroleum and natural gas, food processing, electric equipment, machinery, mining, tourism.
  • White Pages: