Pennsylvania (PA)

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Quick Facts


Capital City: Harrisburg

Abbreviation: PA

Population (2019):. 12,773,801; Rank: 6 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region:  Northeast

Admission to Statehood: December 12, 1787 (2nd State)

State Motto:  Virtue, Liberty, and Independence

State Nickname:  Keystone State

Origin of State Name:  Named in honor of Admiral William Penn, father of the state’s founder, William Penn.

Area Codes:  215, 267, 412, 484, 570, 610, 717, 724, 814, 878

Zip Codes: Pennsylvania Zip Codes






State Symbols

Bird:  Ruffled Grouse | List of State Birds

Flag: Pennsylvania’s State Flag is composed of a blue field on which is embroidered the State Coat of Arms. The first State Flag bearing the State Coat of Arms was authorized by the General Assembly in 1799. An act of the General Assembly of June 13, 1907, standardized the flag and required that the blue field match the blue of Old Glory. Get this Flag

Flower:  Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latiflolia) | Other State Flowers

Soil: Hazleton

Song: Pennsylvania  Written and Composed by Eddie Khoury and Ronnie Bonner

Tree: Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) | Other State Trees

Quarter:  Commonwealth statue, state outline, keystone Pennsylvania Quarter | List of State Quarters



Pennsylvania on a map


  • Area: 46,058 sq.mi (119,290, 33rd
  • Land: 44,820 sq.mi. (116,083, 32nd
  • Water: 1,239 sq.mi. (3,209, 28th
  • Great Lakes: 749 sq.mi. (1,940, 7th
  • Shoreline: 89 mi. (143 km.), 24th

Largest Cities: Philadelphia | Pittsburgh | Allentown | Erie | Scranton | Bethlehem | Lancaster | Harrisburg

Border States: Delaware | Maryland | New Jersey | New York | Ohio | West Virginia | List of US Regions

Highest Point:  Mt. Davis ; 3,213 feet, (979 m.) 33rd tallest

Lowest Point:  Pennsylvania; sea level, tied for 3rd lowest

Geographic Center:  Centre, 2.5 miles southwest of Bellefonte

National Parks:

Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site
Appalachian National Scenic Trail
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area
Edgar Allen Poe National Historic Site
Eisenhower National Historic Site
First State National Historical Park (DE, PA)
Flight 93 National Memorial
Fort Necessity National Battlefield
Friendship Hill National Historic Site
Gettysburg National Military Park
Gloria Dei Church National Historic Site
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site
Independence National Historical Park
Johnstown Flood National Memorial
Lower Delaware National Wild and Scenic River
Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail
Steamtown National Historic Site
Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial
Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River
Valley Forge National Historical Park



State Government

Governor:  Tom Wolf (D)

Senators:  Pat Toomey (R) Robert P. Casey (D)

Representatives:  House  Senate

Constitution:  Pennsylvania’s  Constitution 

Electoral College Votes:  20 votes



    • Agriculture: Dairy products, poultry, cattle, nursery stock, mushrooms, hogs, hay.
    • Industry: Food processing, chemical products, machinery, electric equipment, tourism.
  • White Pages: Pennsylvania White Pages