Ohio (OH)

Ohio heading

Quick Facts

Capital City: Columbus

Abbreviation: OH 

Population (2019):  11,570,808; Rank: 7 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region: Midwest US Regions

Admission to Statehood: March 1, 1803 (17th State)

State Motto:  With God All Things Are Possible

State Nickname: The Buckeye State

Origin of State Name: From the Iroquois Indian word for “good river”

Area Codes: 216, 234, 330, 419, 440, 513, 567, 614, 740, 937

Zip Codes: Ohio Zip Codes



State Symbols

Bird:   Cardinal | List of State Birds

Ohio’s state flag
was adopted in 1902. The Ohio burgee, as the swallowtail design is properly called, was designed by John Eisemann. The large blue triangle represents Ohio’s hills and valleys, and the stripes represent roads and waterways. The 13 stars grouped about the circle represent the original states of the union; the 4 stars added to the peak of the triangle symbolize that Ohio was the 17th state admitted to the union. The white circle with its red center not only represents the “O” in Ohio, but also suggests Ohio’s famous, “The Buckeye State”.   Get this Flag

Flower:  Scarlet Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) | Other State Flowers

Soil: Miamian

Song:  “Beautiful Ohio” | Words by: Ballard MacDonald | Music by: Mary Earl Other State Songs | Sheet Music

Tree: Ohio Buckeye (Aesculus glabra) | Other State Trees

Quarter: Ohio Quarter | List of State Quarters




ohio on map




  • Area: 44,828 sq.mi (116,104 sq.km.), 34th
  • Land: 40,953 sq.mi. (106,068 sq.km.), 35th
  • Water: 3,875 sq.mi. (10,036 sq.km.), 14th
  • Great Lakes: 3,499 sq.mi. (9,062 sq.km.),4th

Largest Cities: Columbus | Cleveland | Cincinnati | Toledo | Akron | Parma | Canton | Youngstown | Lorain

Border States:   Indiana | Kentucky | Michigan | Pennsylvania | West Virginia | List of US Regions

Highest Point: Campbell Hill ; 1,550 feet, (472 m.), 43rd tallest

Lowest Point:  Ohio; 455 feet, 35th lowest

Geographic Center:  Delaware, 25 miles northnortheast of Columbus

National Parks:  Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument
Cuyahoga Valley National Park
David Berger National Memorial
Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park
Fallen Timbers Battlefield and Fort Miamis National Historic Site –
First Ladies National Historic Site
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
James A. Garfield National Historic Site
North Country National Scenic Trail
Perry’s Victory and International Peace Memorial





State Government

Governor:  Mike DeWine (R)

Senators:  Sherrod Brown (D) Rob Portman (R)

Representatives:  House Senate

Constitution:  Ohio’s Constitution

Electoral College Votes: 18 votes




    • Agriculture: Soybeans, dairy products, corn, tomatoes, hogs, cattle, poultry and eggs.
    • Industry: Transportation equipment, fabricated metal products, machinery, food processing, electric equipment.
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