North Dakota (ND)

North Dakota

Quick Facts

Capital City:  Bismarck

Abbreviation: ND 

Population (2019):  723,393; Rank: 48 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region:  Midwest

Admission to Statehood: November 2,1889 (40th State)

State Motto: Liberty and Union Now and Forever, One and Inseparable

State Nickname: Peace Garden State / Flickertail State / Roughrider State

Origin of State Name:  Based on the Sioux Indian word dakhota meaning “friend”

Area Codes:  701

Zip Codes: North Dakota Zip Codes




State Symbols


Bird:  Western Meadowlark | List of State Birds

North Dakota’s
dark blue field displays a bald eagle holding an olive branch and a bundle of arrows in its claws. In its beak, the eagle carries a ribbon with the words “One nation made up of many states”. The shield on its breast has thirteen stars, representing the original thirteen states. The fan shaped design above the eagle represents the birth of a new nation, the United States. The name “North Dakota” appears on a red scroll below the eagle. Get this Flag

Flower:  Wild Prairie Rose (Rosa arkansana) | Other State Flowers

Soil:  Williams

Song:   “North Dakota Hymn” | Words by: James W. Foley | Music by: C.S. Putman Other State Songs | Sheet Music

Tree: American Elm (Ulmus americana) | Other State Trees

Quarter:   North Dakota Quarter | List of State Quarters



North Dakota on a map



  • Area: 70,704 sq.mi (183,123, 19th
  • Land: 68,994 sq.mi. (178,694, 17th
  • Water: 1,710 sq.mi. (4,429, 22nd

Largest Cities:  Fargo | Bismarck | Grand Forks | Minot | West Fargo | Mandan | Dickinson | Jamestown | Williston | Wahpeton

Border States: Minnesota | Montana | South Dakota | List of US Regions

Highest Point:  White Butte ; 3,506 feet, (1,069 m.) 30th tallest

Lowest Point:  North Dakota; 750 feet, 43rd lowest

Geographic Center:  Sheridan, 5 miles southwest of McClusky

National Parks:  Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site
Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site
Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail
North Country National Scenic Trail
Theodore Roosevelt National Park



State Government

Governor:  Doug Burgum (R)

Senators:  Joe Hoeven (R) Kevin Cramer (R)

Representatives:  Senate House

Constitution:  North Dakota’s constitution

Electoral College Votes:  3 votes



  • Agriculture: Wheat, cattle, barley, sunflowers, milk, sugar beets.
  • Industry: Food processing, machinery, mining, tourism.