New York (NY)

New York State Heading

Quick Facts

Capital City:  Albany

Abbreviation: NY

Population (2019): 19,651,127; Rank: 3 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region:  Northeast

Admission to Statehood:    July 26, 1788 (11th State)

State Motto:  Excelsior!

State Nickname: Empire State

Origin of State Name:  Named after England’s Duke of York

Area Codes: 212, 315, 347, 516, 518, 585, 607, 631, 646, 716, 718, 845, 914, 917, 929

Zip Codes: New York Zip Codes



State Symbols

Bird: Eastern Bluebird | List of State Birds

Emblazoned on
a dark blue field is the state coat of arms. The goddess Liberty holds a pole with a Liberty Cap on top. Liberty stands for freedom. At her feet is a discarded crown, representing freedom from England at the end of the revolutionary war. On the right is the goddess, Justice. She wears a blindfold and carries the scales of justice. Meaning that everyone receives equal treatment under the law. The state motto “Excelsior” on a white ribbon expresses the idea of reaching upward to higher goals. On the shield a sun rises over the Hudson highlands and ships sail the Hudson river. Above the shield is an eagle resting on a globe representing the Western Hemisphere.
Get this Flag

Flower: Rose (Rosa) | Other State Flowers

Soil:  Honeoye

Song:  “I love New York” | Words by: Steve Karmen | Music by: Steve Karmen  Other State Songs | Sheet Music

Tree:  Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) | Other State Trees

Quarter:  New York Quarter | List of State Quarters


New York state on a map



  • Area: 54,475 sq.mi (141,090, 27th
  • Land: 47,224 sq.mi. (122,310, 30th
  • Water: 7,251 sq.mi. (18,780, 8th
  • Great Lakes: 3,901 sq.mi. (10,104,3rd
  • Coastline: 127 mi. (204 km.), 14th
  • Shoreline: 1,850 mi. (2,977 km.), 13th

Largest Cities:  New York | Buffalo | Rochester | Yonkers | Syracuse | Albany | New Rochelle | Mount Vernon | Schenectady | Utica

Border States:   Connecticut | Massachusetts | New Jersey | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island (water border) | Vermont | List of US Regions

Highest Point: Mt. Marcy ; 5,344 feet, ( 1,629 m. )21st tallest

Lowest Point: New York; sea level, tied for 3rd lowest

Geographic Center: Madison, 26 miles southwest of Utica

National Parks:  African Burial Ground National Monument
Appalachian National Scenic Trail
Castle Clinton National Monument
Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site
Federal Hall National Memorial
Fire Island National Seashore
Fort Stanwix National Monument
Gateway National Recreation Area
General Grant National Memorial
Governors Island National Monument
Hamilton Grange National Memorial
Harriet Tubman National Historical Park
Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site
Martin Van Buren National Historic Site
Sagamore Hill National Historic Site
Saint Paul’s Church National Historic Site
Saratoga National Historical Park
Statue of Liberty National Monument
Stonewall National Monument
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site
Thomas Cole National Historic Site
Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River
Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site
Women’s Rights National Historical Park



State Government

Governor:  Kathy Hochul (D)

Senators:  Chuck Schumer (D) and Kirsten Gillibrand (D)

Representatives:   Senate House

Constitution:  New York’s Constitution

Electoral College Votes:  29 Votes

Presidential Birthplace:


Industry: Printing and publishing, scientific instruments, electric equipment, machinery, chemical products, tourism.
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