Maryland (MD)

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Quick Facts

Capital City: Annapolis 

Abbreviation:  MD

Population (2019):5,928,814; Rank: 19 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region:  South

Admission to Statehood:  April 28, 1788 (7th State)

State Motto:   Fatti maschi, parole femmine (Italian) translates to Strong deeds, gentle words

State Nickname:  The Old Line State

Origin of State Name:  Named to honor Henrietta Maria, wife of England’s King Charles I

Area Codes:  240, 301, 410, 443

Zip Codes:  Maryland Zip Codes



State Symbols

Bird:  Baltimore Oriole | List of State Birds

Flag:   The Maryland flag contains the family crest of the Calvert and Crossland families. Maryland was founded as an English colony in 1634 by Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore. The black and Gold designs belong to the Calvert family. The red and white design belongs to the Crossland family. Flag adopted 1904. Get this Flag

Flower:   Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) | Other State Flowers

Soil:  Sassafras

Song:  “Maryland My Maryland” | Words by: James Ryder Randall | Music by: James Ryder Randall  Other State Songs | Sheet Music

Tree:  White Oak (Quercus alba) | Other State Trees

Quarter:  Maryland Quarter | List of State Quarters



Maryland on a map


Area: 12,407 sq.mi (32,134, 42nd
Land: 9,775 sq.mi. (25,317,

Water: 2,633 sq.mi. (6,819, 18th

Coastline: 31 mi. (50 km.), 20th

Shoreline: 3,190 mi. (5,134 km.), 9th


Largest Cities:  Baltimore | Frederick | Rockville | Gaithersburg | Bowie | Hagerstown | Annapolis | College Park | Salisbury | Laurel


Border States:  Delaware | Pennsylvania | Virginia | West Virginia | List of US Regions

Highest Point:  Backbone Mountain ; 3,360 feet, (1,024 m.) 32nd tallest

Lowest Point:   Maryland; sea level, tied for 3rd lowest

Geographic Center:  Prince Georges, 4.5 miles northwest of Davidsonville

National Parks 

Absolute Center: 39°26.5’N / 77°22.3’W
Relative Center: Prince Georges, 4.5 miles northwest of Davidsonville

Distance Between U.S. Cities


State Government

Governor:  Larry Hogan (R)

Senators:   Christopher Van Hollen, Jr.  (D) Ben Cardin (D)

Representatives:  Senate   House

Constitution:  Maryland’s Constitution

Electoral College Votes:  10 Votes



Agriculture: Seafood, poultry and eggs, dairy products, nursery stock, cattle, soybeans, corn.

Industry: Electric equipment, food processing, chemical products, printing and publishing, transportation equipment, machinery, primary metals, coal, tourism.