Idaho (ID)

Idaho state sign

Quick Facts

Capital City:  Boise

Abbreviation: ID 

Population (2019): 1,612,136; Rank: 39 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region:  West

Admission to Statehood: July 3, 1890 (43rd State)

State Motto: Esto perpetua translates to  Let it be perpetual

State Nickname: The Gem State

Origin of State Name: Idaho is a coined, or invented, word

Area Codes: 208, 986

 Zip Codes:  Idaho Zip Codes


State Symbols

Bird:  Mountain Bluebird

Flag:  Idaho State Flag  – A silk flag, blue field, five feet six inches fly, and four feet four inches on pike, bordered with gilt fringe two and one-half inches in width, with state seal of Idaho twenty-one inches in diameter, in colors, in the center of a blue field. The woman represents liberty, justice and equality. The man is a miner. The pictures on the shield represent the main industries of forestry, farming and mining. The cornucopias, or horn of plenty are symbols of abundance. The elks head represents wildlife. Esto perpetua (Let it be perpetual). The words “State of Idaho” are embroidered in with block letters, two inches in height on a red band three inches in width by twenty-nine inches in length, the band being in gold and placed about eight and one-half inches from the lower border of fringe and parallel with the same. Flag adopted 1907. Get this Flag

Flower: Syringa (Philadelphus lewisii) | Other State Flowers

Soil: Threebear

Song: Here We Have Idaho” | Words by: McKinley Helm and Albert J. Tompkins | Music by: Sallie Hume-Douglas
Other State Songs | Sheet Music

Tree: Western White Pine (Pinus monticola) | Other State Trees

Quarter: Peregrine falcon, state outline with star indicating location of state capital, Boise. See all state quarters



Location of Idaho on a map




Area: Area: 83,574 sq.mi (216,456, 14th
Land: 82,751 sq.mi. (214,324, 11th
Water: 823 sq.mi. (2,132, 33rd

Largest Cities: Boise | Nampa | Idaho Falls | Pocatello | Caldwell | Coeur d’Alene | Twin Falls Lewiston | Post Falls

Border States: Montana | Nevada | Oregon | Utah | Washington | Wyoming | List of US Regions

Highest Point:   Borah Peak ; 12,662 feet, ( 3,859 m) 11th tallest

Lowest Point: Idaho; 710 feet, 41st lowest

Geographic Center: Settlement of Custer on the Yankee Fork River, Custer County.

National Parks:

City of Rocks National Reserve
Craters of the Moon National Monument & Preserve
Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument
Minidoka National Historic Site
Nez Perce National Historical Park
Yellowstone National Park


Location: Absolute Center: 44°15.4’N / 114°57.4’W
Relative Center: Settlement of Custer on the Yankee Fork River, Custer County.


State Government

Governor:  Brad Little (R) since 2019

Senators:  Mike Crapo (R)  James Risch (R)

Representatives: Idaho House Members

Idaho Senate Members 

Constitution:  Idaho Constitution, 43rd State

Electoral College Votes: 4 votes



Agriculture: Cattle, potatoes, dairy products, wheat, sugar beets, barley.
Industry: Food processing, lumber and wood products, machinery, chemical products, paper products, silver and other mining, tourism.