Hawaii (HI)

Hawaii aloha signs

Quick Facts

Capital City:  Honolulu

Abbreviation:  HI

Population (2019): 1,404,054; Rank: 40 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region:  West

Admission to Statehood: August 21, 1959 (50th State)

State Motto: Ua mau ke ea o ka aina i ka pono’ and translates into ‘The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness.’

State Nickname:  Aloha State

Origin of State Name: Could be based on native Hawaiian word for homeland, Owhyhee

Area Codes:  808

Zip Codes: Hawaii Zipcodes


State Symbols

Bird:   Nene

Flag: Hawaii Flag
Hawaii was once an independent kingdom. (1810 – 1893) The flag was designed at the request of King Kamehameha I. It has eight stripes of white, red and blue that represent the eight main islands. The flag of Great Britain is emblazoned in the upper left corner to honor Hawaii’s friendship with the British. The combination of the stripes of the United States flag and the Union Jack of Great Britain is said to have pleased the merchant shippers of both nations. Flag adopted for official state use in 1959.

Flower: Hibiscus or Pua Aloalo (Hibiscus brackenridgei) | Other State Flowers

Soil: Hilo

Song: Hawaii Ponoi (Hawaii’s Own)” | Words by: Kalakaua | Music by: Henri Berger
Other State Songs | Sheet Music

Tree: Candlenut Tree (Aleurites moluccana) | Other State Trees

Quarter: Statue of Kamehameha I with state outline and motto



Hawaii on a map

Area: Area: 10,932 sq.mi (28,314 sq.km.), 43rd
Land: 6,423 sq.mi. (16,636 sq.km.), 47th
Water: 4,508 sq.mi. (11,676 sq.km.), 13th
Coastline: 750 mi. (1,207 km.), 4th
Shoreline: 1,052 mi. (1,693 km.), 17th

Largest Cities:   Honolulu | Pearl City | Hilo | Kailua | Waipahu | Kaneohe | Mililani | Kahului | Ewa Gentry | Mililani Mauka

Border States:  None (Island state)

Highest Point: Mauna Kea; 13,803 feet, (4,207 m) 6th tallest

Lowest Point:   Hawaii; sea level, tied for 3rd lowest

Geographic Center: Hawaii, off Maui Island

National Parks:

Haleakala National Park

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park


Location: Absolute Center: 20°57.1’N / 157°16.6’W
Relative Center: Hawaii, off Maui Island
Distance Between U.S. Cities


State Government

Governor:  David Ige (D) since 2014

Senators:  Mazie Hirono (D) since since 2013 Brian Schatz (D) since 2012


Constitution: Hawaii’s Constitution , 50th State

Electoral College Votes: 4 votes



Agriculture: Sugarcane, pineapples, nursery stock, livestock, macadamia nuts.
Industry: Tourism, food processing, apparel, fabricated metal products, stone, clay, and glass products.