Florida (FL)

Florida state sign

Quick Facts

Capital City:  Tallahassee

Abbreviation:  FL

Population (2019):   19,552,860; Rank: 4 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region: South

Admission to Statehood:   March 3, 1845 (27th State)

State Motto: In God We Trust

State Nickname: Sunshine State

Origin of State Name:   Named on Easter 1513 by Ponce de Leon for Pascua Florida, meaning “Flowery Easter”


Area Codes:   239, 305, 321, 352, 386, 407, 561, 727, 754, 772, 786, 813, 850, 863, 904, 941, 954


Zip Codes: Florida Zip Codes


State Symbols

Bird: Mockingbird | List of State Birds

Flag: On a white field emblazoned with a red X and the state seal, Florida’s flag represents the land of sunshine, flowers, palm trees, rivers and lakes. The seal features a brilliant sun, a cabbage palmetto tree, a steamboat sailing and a Native American Seminole woman scattering flowers. Flag adopted 1899.

Flower: Orange blossom (Citrus sinensis) | Other State Flowers

Soil: Myakka

Song: Swanee River” | Words by: Stephen C. Foster | Music by: Stephen C. Foster
Florida, My Florida” | Words by: Rev. Dr. C.V. Waugh | Music by: Rev. Dr. C.V. Waugh

Tree: Sabal Palm (Sabal palmetto) | Other State Trees

Quarter: Spanish galleon,  palmettos (state tree), Space Shuttle
Florida Quarter | List of State Quarters



Location of Florida on a map


Area: Area: 65,758 sq.mi (170,313 sq.km.), 22nd
Land: 53,997 sq.mi. (139,852 sq.km.), 26th
Water: 11,761 sq.mi. (30,461 sq.km.), 3rd
Coastline: 1,350 mi. (2,173 km.), 2nd
Shoreline: 8,426 mi. (13,560 km.), 2nd

Largest Cities: Jacksonville | Tampa | Saint Petersburg | Orlando | Tallahassee | Fort Lauderdale | Port St. Lucie | Pembroke Pines

Border States: Alabama | Georgia | List of US Regions

Highest Point: Britton Hill ; 345 feet, (105 m), 50th tallest

Lowest Point: Florida; sea level, tied for 3rd lowest

Geographic Center: Hernando, 12 miles northnorthwest of Brooksville

National Parks: Big Cypress National Preserve
Biscayne National Park
Canaveral National Seashore
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument
De Soto National Memorial
Dry Tortugas National Park
Everglades National Park
Fort Caroline National Memorial
Fort Matanzas National Monument
Gulf Islands National Seashore
Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve


Absolute Center: 28°8’N / 81°37.9’W

Relative Center: Hernando, 12 miles north northwest of Brooksville

Distance Between U.S. Cities


State Government

Governor:   Ron DeSantis (R) since 2019

Senators:  Marco Rubio (R) since 2011 Rick Scott (R) since 2019

Representatives:   Florida Senate: Members

Constitution: Florida’s Constitution, 27th State

Electoral College Votes:  29 Votes




  • Agriculture: Citrus, vegetables, nursery stock, cattle, sugarcane, dairy products.
  • Industry: Tourism, electric equipment, food processing, printing and publishing, transportation equipment, machinery.

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