Connecticut (CT)

Connecticut city and seaside

Quick Facts

Capital City: Hartford

Abbreviation: CT

Population (2019): 3,596,080; Rank: 29 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region:  Northeast

Admission to Statehood: January 9, 1788 (5th State)

State Motto: Qui Transtulit Sustinet,” (He Who Transplanted Still Sustains)

State Nickname: Constitution State

Origin of State Name: From the Eastern Algonquin Indian word quinnitukqut meaning “at the long tidal river,” referring to the Connecticut River

Area Codes: 203, 475, 860

Zip Codes: Connecticut Zip Codes


State Symbols

Bird: Robin

Flag: Connecticut Flag On a field of azure blue is an ornamental white shield with three grapevines, each bearing three bunches of purple grapes. The states motto “He who Transplanted Sustains Us” is displayed on a white ribbon. The vines stand for the first settlements of English people who began to move from Massachusetts in the 1630’s. These settlements were thought of as grape vines that had been transplanted. Flag adopted 1897.

Flower: Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)

Soil: Windsor

Song: Yankee Doodle” | Words by: Unknown | Music by: Unknown

Tree: White Oak (Quercus alba)


Reverse shows the famous Charter Oak tree that hid the charter won from Britain’s King Charles II in 1662. This charter established Connecticut’s boundaries and self-rule. In 1687, Captain Joseph Wadsworth saved the charter from the hands of the British, hiding it safely in this tree. The obverse features an image of George Washington. Connecticut Quarter | List of State Quarters



Area: Area: 5,544 sq.mi (14,359, 48th
Land: 4,845 sq.mi. (12,549, 48th
Water: 698 sq.mi. (1,808, 37th
Shoreline: 618 mi. (995 km.), 18th

Largest Cities: Bridgeport | New Haven | Hartford | Stamford | Waterbury | Norwalk | New Britain | Meriden | Bristol

Border States: Massachusetts | New York | Rhode Island | List of US Regions

Highest Point: Mt. Frissell, on south slope ; 2,380 feet, (725 m), 36th tallest

Lowest Point:  Where Connecticut borders Long Island Sound; sea level, tied for 3rd lowest

Geographic Center: Hartford, at East Berlin

National Parks:Weir Farm National Historic Site and Appalachian National Scenic Trail


Absolute Center: 41°35.7’N / 72°42.4’W
Relative Center: Hartford, at East Berlin
Distance Between U.S. Cities


State Government

Governor: Ned Lamont (D) since 2019

Senators: Richard Blumenthal (D) 2010, Chris Murphy (D) 2013


Connecticut House: Members
Connecticut Senate: Members


Constitution: Connecticut’s Constitution , 5th State

Electoral College Votes: 7 Votes



Agriculture: Nursery stock, eggs, dairy products, cattle.

Industry: Transportation equipment, machinery, electric equipment, fabricated metal products, chemical products, scientific instruments.


Community and Technical Colleges:

Nursing Schools:

School Directory: