Capital City: Phoenix
Population (2019): 6,626,624 Rank 15 of 50
Admission to Statehood: February 14, 1912, 48th State
State Motto: Diate Deus
State Nickname: The Grand Canyon State
Origin of State Name: Based on the Basque word aritz onak meaning “good oak” or the Spanish word Arizonac meaning “having a little spring”
Area Codes: 480,520,602,623,928
Zip Codes: Arizona Zip Codes
Bird: Cactus Wren
Flag: The Arizona flag is designed in 2 halves, the top being 13 rays of red and gold, which represents the 13 original colonies of the Union and the western setting sun. The colors of the rays refer to red and yellow in the Spanish flags carried by Coronado when he came to Arizona in 1540.
Flower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom
Soil: Casa Grande
Song: “Arizona” Song by Margaret R. Clifford. Music by: Maurice Blumenthal
Tree: Yellow Palo Verde (Parkinsonia microphylla)
Quarter: Grand Canyon, saguaro cactus and flower closeup.
Area: 114,006 sq.mi (295,274 sq.km.), 6th
Land: 113,642 sq.mi. (294,332 sq.km.), 6th
Water: 364 sq.mi. (943 sq.km.), 48th
Largest Cities: Phoenix | Tucson | Glendale | Scottsdale | Gilbert | Tempe | Peoria | Surprise | Yuma
Border States: California | Colorado | Nevada | New Mexico | Utah | List of US Regions
Highest Point: Humphreys Peak ; 12,633 feet, ( 3,851 m), 12th tallest
Lowest Point: 70 feet above sea level (Colorado River), 26th lowest
Geographic Center: Yavapai, 55 miles eastsouth east of Prescott
Location: Absolute Center: 34°18.5’N / 111°47.6’W
Relative Center: Yavapai, 55 miles east southeast of Prescott
Agriculture: Cattle, cotton, dairy products, lettuce, nursery stock, hay.
Industry: Copper and other mining, electric equipment, transportation equipment, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, electronics, tourism.