Arizona (AZ)

Quick Facts

Capital City:  Phoenix

Abbreviation:  AZ

Population (2019): 6,626,624 Rank 15 of 50 

Region: Southwest

Admission to Statehood: February 14, 1912, 48th State

State Motto: Diate Deus

State Nickname: The Grand Canyon State

Origin of State Name: Based on the Basque word aritz onak meaning “good oak” or the Spanish word Arizonac meaning “having a little spring”

Area Codes: 480,520,602,623,928

Zip Codes:  Arizona Zip Codes


State Symbols

Bird:   Cactus Wren

Flag:  The Arizona flag is designed in 2 halves, the top being 13 rays of red and gold, which represents the 13 original colonies of the Union and the western setting sun. The colors of the rays refer to red and yellow in the Spanish flags carried by Coronado when he came to Arizona in 1540.

Flower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom

Soil:  Casa Grande

Song: “Arizona” Song by Margaret R. Clifford.   Music by: Maurice Blumenthal

Tree:  Yellow Palo Verde (Parkinsonia microphylla) 

Quarter: Grand Canyon, saguaro cactus and flower closeup.



Arizona on the US map

Area: 114,006 sq.mi (295,274, 6th

Land: 113,642 sq.mi. (294,332, 6th

Water: 364 sq.mi. (943, 48th

Largest Cities:   Phoenix | Tucson | Glendale | Scottsdale | Gilbert | Tempe | Peoria | Surprise | Yuma

Border States:    California | Colorado | Nevada | New Mexico | Utah | List of US Regions

Highest Point: Humphreys Peak ; 12,633 feet, ( 3,851 m), 12th tallest

Lowest Point:  70 feet above sea level (Colorado River), 26th lowest

Geographic Center: Yavapai, 55 miles eastsouth east of Prescott

National Parks: Canyon De Chelly National Monument
Casa Grande Ruins National Monument
Chiricahua National Monument
Coronado National Memorial
Fort Bowie National Historic Site
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area
Grand Canyon National Park
Hohokam Pima National Monument (closed to the public)
Hubbel Trading Post National Historic Site
Lake Mead National Recreation Area
Montezuma Castle National Monument
Navajo National Monument
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument
Parashant National Monument
Petrified Forest National Park
Pipe Spring National Monument
Saguaro National Park
Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument
Tonto National Monument
Tumacacori National Historical Park
Tuzigoot National Monument
Walnut Canyon National Monument
Wupatki National Monument
Arizona National Monuments

Location: Absolute Center: 34°18.5’N / 111°47.6’W
Relative Center: Yavapai, 55 miles east southeast of Prescott


State Government

Governor: Douglas Anthony Ducey Jr. (R) Since 2015

Senators: Mark Kelly (D) Kyrsten Sinema (D)

Representatives: Congress   and House

Constitution: Arizona’s Constitution , 48th State

Electoral College Votes: 11 Votes



Agriculture: Cattle, cotton, dairy products, lettuce, nursery stock, hay.

Industry: Copper and other mining, electric equipment, transportation equipment, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, electronics, tourism.